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Is MTP Kit Safe for Abortion?


Is MTP Kit Safe for Abortion?

An MTP Kit is the medical termination pack, an abortion pill manufactured by Cipla Ltd. One of the most widely used abortion pills recommended by doctors. The MTP kit is prescribed by doctors to patients with fewer than 7weeks of pregnancy. The MTP kit consists of 2 medicines - Mifepristone and Misoprostol. Though MTP kit is safe for medically terminating pregnancy with less than 7 weeks, however, there are cases where the patients might need medical attention after taking the pills. Learning how the medicine works, when and how to use the MTP Kit, the common symptoms and major side effects will guide the patient to a successful abortion. 

How does the MTP Kit work?

Each MTP kit package has 5 tablets in it - 1 Mifepristone - 200 mg Tablet, and 4 Misoprostol - 200mcg Tablets. The Mifepristone tablet is to be taken orally, while the Misoprostol tablets are for vaginal insertion. The patient must first consume Mifepristone, preferably after a meal. This medicine stops the pregnancy from growing, however, this doesn't abort the pregnancy. The combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol successfully leads to pregnancy termination. After 24 hours, the patient must insert the 4 Misoprostol tablets in the vagina. This leads to the rupture of the womb and starts uterine contractions. With the next 2 hours, the patient starts to bleed heavily and the pregnancy in most cases is successfully terminated. Patient with more than 8 weeks of pregnancy is not advised to take this medicine. The patient must consult with gynecologists before using the MTP kit. It is advised that the guidelines and direction of usage are to be followed as guided by the gynecologist. 

The major side effects of the MTP Kit?

The patient faces these common symptoms after consuming the MTP Kit - heavy vaginal and uterine bleeding for 2-3 days, and in the next 10-12 days with light bleeding or spotting. Weakness, dizziness, feeling feverish, nausea and vomiting with diarrhea are the most common symptoms, which last for a day.

The patient needs medical attention:

  • If vomiting, nausea, and dizziness last for more than 24 hours.
  • In case of signs of allergic reactions with breathing difficulty.
  • Fever with the temperature above 100F, lasting more than 4 hours.
  • No vaginal bleeding after taking Misoprostol.

Precautions and When NOT to use the MTP Kit

The abortion pills are very strong and can cause certain effects on the body, hence it is always advised to consult a doctor before consuming the MTP kit. Also, the consumption of the pills should be as directed by the doctor, overdosage and incomplete process will lead to complications. 

Do not use the MTP Kit if, 

  • The patient has allergic reactions to Mifepristone or Misoprostol. 
  • The patient is above 35 years.
  • The patient has asthma problems, liver or kidney diseases.
  • The woman is undergoing an ectopic pregnancy.
  • The patient has IDU - Intrauterine Devices.

Allergic reactions like swollen face, rashes or excessive bleeding, foul smell in bleeding, anything that has not been out of place, not as described by the doctor needs immediate medical attention. After 10 days, post taking the MTP Kit, it is important to follow up with the gynecologist to confirm abortion. 

Is it safe to use the MTP kit?

Yes, MTP Kit is safe for medical termination of pregnancy with less than 60 days, provided the patient takes the pills after consultation with a gynecologist. Taking precautions, and following the guidelines is always required in any kind of medical treatment. Follow up with doctors after 14 days post consuming the MTP Kit is important for confirmation of pregnancy termination. MTP Kit offers 100% safe pregnancy termination, however, consultation with a gynecologist is a must.